You want to improve your PC gaming performance, you tweak the system, download some “Gaming Booster software,” but unfortunately you see no luck to make it better, even worst, it slower than before.
Then it might be some very fundamental steps you haven’t try or optimize.
So here are the few methods you can try, some problems can be easy to fix, some are a little bit tricky to achieve.
What you will learn:
– How to make your PC load faster and smooth overall (not only in gaming).
– Less loading time while gaming.
– Maximize your PC/laptop performer potential.
Uninstall old programs
Before doing anything, you need to clear out those old programs you no longer use; it can be wasting your computer storage space and affect your computer performance.
Cleaning unuse file or software can leave a lot of space so that you can also install more games in it.
First, you can go to “My computer/This PC” > “Uninstall or change a program” to remove the programs you do not want.
Methods above is for Windows 8, but other versions are almost the same.
Some of the apps cannot be found in the in the “Uninstall or change a program” place; then you need to check it out manually, it could be in your download folder, document folder program file or other areas.
Don’t forget to clean your Recycle bin after deleting those files manually.
Close background apps
Some programs are running in your PC background without your notice, and they even start running the moment you turn on your computer.
Turn off that software in the background that you no longer need, and let all your system resources focus on your gaming.
You can download CCleaner to control what program you want to stop.
CCleaner is a software to help you clean potentially unwanted files in your computer.
It also has other function like controlling your startup programs, optimize the system.
CCleaner has 3 different pricing plan, FREE, PROFESSIONAL($19.95), and PROFESSIONAL BUNDLE($39.95), but the free version is more than enough for you.
Upgrade your graphics drivers
Like the computer operating system, if your computer has a graphics card, then it also needs updates its drivers by time to time.
You can go to Nvidia or ATI (depends on what graphics card you bought) official website to find your card model driver and download it.
Adjust Nvidia control panel
Sometimes the graphics card panel didn’t automatically optimize the game you currently playing, so you need to go to their control panel to turn on the setting.
Install the latest DirectX
Most modern games required the DirectX software, so you need to make sure you update it to the latest version.
Direct X is a collection of application programming interfaces(APIs) for handling tasks related to multimedia, especially game programming.
Sometimes when you install a game for your PC, It also required you to install DirectX to play the game you just introduced.
But In some cases, your Direct X version in your computer might not be the newest, so you need to make sure you have the latest version.
Don forget to clean the dust inside your computer or laptop.
If the system cover by a lot of dirt it can be slowing down your PC performance.
Make sure you turn off the PC power supply before clear your computer.
Overclocking the GPU
Overclocking is a technic of increasing the component’s clock rate, meaning it maximize its running speed and power.
But It can be dangerous to process, if you do something wrong, the whole GPU or motherboard will be broke.
This technic a little bit advanced, you need to have a certain level of computer knowledge to handle.
I am not going to teach the detail here, so if you are interested, you can see this guide.
Upgrade your Hardware
It could be a very costly method to improve the gaming performance, but sometimes it is necessary.
To be honest, you cannot play Witcher 3 with your 10 years old potato computer with an outdated graphics card.
If you have a budget, you can invest it in more decent hardware like a graphics card, RAM, hard disk, CPU and cooling system.
Upgrade Graphic Card
Graphics card is hardware which is responsible for rendering an image to your monitor.
High-end graphics video game required a decent graphics card, if your computer’s graphics card didn’t fit the game’s requirement, then you will experience lagging or jittering during the gameplay, or even cannot run the game at all.
Updated to SSD
SSD stands for solid-state-drive we using it for storing thing on our computer.
Compare to HDD(Hard Disk Drive), SSD process faster, it reduces loading time while in gaming.
I cover a topic about the SSD for gaming, you can read the detail here.
RAM(Random access memory), is the type of computer memory which temporarily stores the information your PC needs at the moment(right now).
It differs from the SSD or HHD, they are the long-term memory, and RAM handles the short-term memory.
It also can reduce the gameplay loading time and run the game a little bit smoother.
CPU stands for Central Processing Unit; it handles the instructions it receives from software and hardware running on the computer.
The major companies produce consumer CPU are Intel and AMD.
It likes the brain of the entire computer, so if you have a very high-end graphics card but your CPU outdated, then you might not get it full potential power while playing a video game.
Check the game system requirements.
Even though you do all the things that I mentioned above, but if your hardware didn’t match the requirement of the video game you want to play, then it will not much help for the gaming performance.
So before you buy the games, make sure you check their system requirements carefully,
lower your graphics setting in the game
If your computer is an ancient and you already try your best to optimize it, but nothing work, and you don’t have the money to upgrade your hardware, then you might be considered lower the graphics setting in your game.
If you follow all the method above, at least one or two ways, then your PC gaming performance will be improved.
The biggest selling point is the much faster access times and the higher data rates.
Windows boots faster and programs open up more quickly, which is why SSDs have long been established as a system disk.
Apart from the advantages of gaming, an SSD brings a significant performance boost if you use it as a system disk and installed often needed programs on the solid state drive.
Many small delays are almost completely eliminated and the SSD gives you a much smoother feel when using your PC.
If you plan to use an SSD as a pure gaming hard drive, you should consider carefully: If you already have a current CPU and a fast graphics card, an SSD is a useful upgrade option to give the computer a bit more speed and reduce load times while playing.
Why an SSD brings so much to the performance
In a computer system, there are different components with different performance.
The overall performance is often slowed down by the weakest link in the chain.
With an SSD, this imbalance can be compensated and thus significantly improve the performance.
When it comes to upgrading a PC or notebook to be more productive, many users are thinking of upgrading the processor and memory.
But that does not bring in many cases the desired effect.
If you take a look at the components in a computer system, it quickly becomes clear why this is so.
Modern processors and main memory now achieve a data transfer rate of more than 30 GB per second.
But the data must be available to these components to achieve such transfer rates.
And that’s where the disk comes into play – as a brake pad. Modern magnetic hard drives offer at best a transfer rate of just 200 MB / s or, to be able to compare it a little better, 0.2 GB / s. CPU and RAM are faster by a factor of 150.
It is clear that a magnetic hard disk slows down CPU and RAM significantly, which negatively impacts productivity.
And even if you look back a couple of years and look at the throughput rates of an Athlon 64 X2 and Pentium 4 Extreme Editon , you will find that at around 5 GB / s, they exceed the performance of a modern magnetic hard disk by a factor of 25.
If one considers that older systems also used older systems which at that time offered an approximate transfer rate of 80 MB / s, the difference between hard disk performance and CPU / main memory increases to a factor of 62.5.
Any action that minimizes these performance differences means that CPU and RAM will have less to wait for data to meet more quickly.
For the user, the waiting times are shortened and productivity increases.
SSD minimizes performance imbalance
As a proven means to minimize the power imbalance, therefore, many users use an SSD.
First of all, in terms of performance compared to a magnetic hard disk, far superior flash memory was only a SATA interface based on the AHCI protocol available.
This offers a maximum transfer rate of 600 MB / s.
In practice, the overhead of the protocol costs some power.
But with a net transfer rate of about 550 MB / s, SSDs are more than twice as fast as modern magnetic hard drives.
Hard drives: HDD and SSD – what’s the difference?
Small, fast, expensive: The alternative to the classic HDD is the SSD. Although both types look similar, they are different.
Which of these are and whether you would prefer to use a Solid State Disc (SSD) or a Hard Drive Disc (HDD), see this guide.
HDD or SSD: differences in operation
The two hard disk types HDD and SSD have a completely different functionality:
•The classic HDD consists of one or more magnetic disks and one read head each.
The magnetic disks rotate during operation.
The read head (attached to a flywheel) travels over the discs and reads out the stored data.
•An SSD, however, consists of many flash memories, as they are also installed in USB sticks.
That means: In an SSD no mechanical parts are installed.
•For particularly interested: In separate articles, we explain the operation of the SSD and HDDin detail.
HDD vs. SSD: Advantages of the SSD
For some years, the SSD seems slowly but surely to run out of class HDD rank.
This is mainly due to the many advantages:
•The SSD has no mechanical parts, which makes it much more robust than the HDD.
It also cope with crashes without any problems, whereas HDDs can expect defects and data loss.
•Due to the lack of mechanical parts SSDs are also almost noiseless.
An HDD buzzes while in operation. This is particularly noticeable in notebooks and PCs with a thin housing.
•The main advantage of the SSD: It works much faster than the classic hard drive.
As a result, PCs and notebooks with an SSD start noticeably faster and up to twice faster than with classic hard disks.
Files and programs are even opened up to four times faster.
•The SSD is last easier than the HDD.
This makes it especially suitable for mobile devices. In addition, it is usually more efficient, so consumes significantly less power.
This also makes them interesting for mobile devices, as the battery life is extended.
HDD vs. SSD: Advantages of the HDD
In addition to the many advantages lurk in SSDs but also some dangers.
Which are the and where the HDD still has the nose, we have summarized here for you:
•An HDD is currently (still) a lot cheaper than the SSD.
Nevertheless, you can also save a lot on the new hard drive type, as our price-performance ranking shows.
•Furthermore, HDDs offer significantly more storage space.
Up to 8 TB are possible here, while current SSDs are over after 2 TB at the latest.
•In case of data loss, HDDs usually have more hope: the data can often be read out with special tools .
This is rarely possible with an SSD.
•Therefore our recommendation: The SSHD combines the advantages of a HDD with those of the fast SSD.
What do I have to consider when using SSD?
– Computer: The SSD effect is clearly noticeable only in PCs and notebooks with dual-core processor (from Core i3) and at least 4 gigabytes of RAM.
To take full advantage of the current SSDs, the computer also needs SATA 3.0 ports.
– Operating System : Optimal SSD works only with Windows 7 , older Windows versions are not recommended.
For example, Windows 7 automatically turns off the defragmentation that is harmful to SSDs.
In addition, Windows 7 offers the very important with SSDs Trim function.
This tells the operating system of the SSD which data blocks are deleted and can be reused.
– Memory Usage: When an SSD is almost full, its tempo drops significantly.
Lifetime also suffers because the few free areas are often described. Therefore, SSDs should be at most about 85 percent occupied.
Best budget SSD for gaming
If you want to buy an SSD hard disk for a laptop, notebook or desktop PC, for example, to boot the operating system faster, you will find a very large and extensive range of different disks, manufacturers and capacities.
In the test, we took a close look at the most popular models and summarized the test winners in our Top 5 list of the best SSD hard drives of 2018. In order to be able to compare the prices better, we chose for the respective SSD hard drive 256GB as memory variant.
In addition, each internal SSD hard drive is 2.5 inches in size, as it can be used for both desktop PCs and laptop SSDs.
1. Samsung MZ-75E250B / EU 850 EVO
The best SSD hard drive was the Samsung model.
The plate convinced in the test not only by a very good reading and writing speed of 540 or 520 MB / second, but also by the chic design and the different variants.
So you can buy the model both as a standard and starter kit variant, which already contains a SATA to USB 3.0 cable.
Both variants include the management software Magician.
Even if you need a bit more space and prefer the SSD hard drive 1TB space, you will find Samsung, because in addition to the tested version with 256GB, it is synonymous with 120GB, 500GB, 1TB, 2TB and even 4TB what Otherwise there is no manufacturer.
However, one has to say fair that the two and four Terrabyte variants are uninteresting because of the enormously high price for the private sector.
The board has a SATA 6Gb / s interface down to 1.5Gb / s and 3GB / s, and thanks to 512MB of low power DDR3 SDRAM, which serves as a cache, the record is superbly equipped for all areas well suited.
Compared to the PRO series from Samsung, TLC modules are used instead of MLC modules, which store three instead of just two bits per cell, but for the private sector this is usually sufficient, although this somewhat reduces the durability and speed , However, the strong values of up to 88,000 IOPS random write performance and 100,000 IOPS random read performance on the 256GB model speak for themselves.
2. Intenso 3812430
The Intenso model is a very solid SSD hard drive that operates at a speed of 520 MB / s (read) or 490 MB / s (write).
This puts her in the midfield but convinces with solid workmanship and good shock and vibration resistance. In the 256 GB variant with 512 MB cache, the disk operates with a 4KB random read performance of 38,000 IOPS and a random write rate of 52,000 IOPS.
Although this is only mediocre, but is usually enough for everyday life, because thanks to the SATA III interface with 6Gbps, the model still works fast and reliable.
Negative was in the test on the fact that the plate makes in contrast to the manufacturer’s information but quite good audible noise.
This is particularly uncomfortable if you want to use it as an SSD hard drive for your notebook or laptops.
Priced in particular, the 128 GB version but in a very good range and the 256 GB disk offers a good price-performance ratio.
As a 1TB hard drive, there is not the model of Intenso, because you only have the choice between 128, 256 and 512 GB.
3. SanDisk PLUS SDSSDA-240G-G26
With its SSD PLUS, SanDisk offers a good hard drive with a write speed of up to 445 MB / s or a read speed of up to 535 MB / s. In the Random Read / Write Test she reached a maximum of 36,000 or 66,000 IOPS, which is in solid midfield.
Unfortunately, it is not to be seen when buying, whether it is a model with MLC or TLC Flash and the performance has never been consistent, but fluctuated quite strong.
The package includes the SanDisk SSD Dashboard monitoring software, which allows you to check drive status in real time.
Also, the hard drive could convince in the test, because it is very impact and vibration and temperature resistant, so your data is always safe. In addition to the standard version, SanDisk offers the SSD hard drive with 500GB (or 480) and 120 GB. In terms of price, the model is also convincing, even though the prices for the 250 GB variants have come closer and closer in recent times.
But if you are looking for a smaller version, here comes his money, because the 120 GB model is very cheap to have at SanDisk.
However, if you really want to use a lot of hard disk, you should stay away from it, because especially with permanently high cache load, the disk tends to give up the ghost faster than other models.
4. Samsung MU-PA250B / EU T5
The best external SSD hard drive comes from Samsung.
The model with USB 3.1 interface achieves a sequential data transfer rate of up to 540 MB / s and is very compact with 7.4 x 5.7 x 1 cm.
Thanks to optional AES 256-bit encryption, you can protect your data very well against unauthorized access and the capacity selection at Samsung speaks for itself anyway.
So you can buy the hard drive as 250GB, 500GB and even as 1TB and 2TB variant.
The latter, however, is so expensive that it will be hard to come by for private use.
The plate weighs only 51 grams in total, but is still very solid and well designed.
The delivery includes a suitable USB Type C and a USB Type C to A already included.
Compared to internal SSDs, the model is much more expensive, but the price-performance ratio is nevertheless good due to its uniform and good performance in combination with the very compact design.
5. Kingston SSDNowV300
This is an SSD that has a storage capacity of 240 GB and has a SATA Rev 3.0 interface and is backward compatible with the SATA Rev 2.0 interface.
In addition, this SSD offers a read speed of 191 MB / s and a write speed of 142 MB / s and could even up to 85 000 IOPS.
Also note that this hard drive is reliable and therefore, you can count on it to make your computer fast.
As for its power consumption, it is relatively low and the good news is that this SSD is compatible with all operating systems and all computers as long as they are equipped with SSD connectors.
The Kingston SSDNowV300 solid state hard drive would be perfect for people looking to save money and want to change their relationship with their computer forever.
In addition, this computer device has a 3-year warranty, which proves among other things, the reliability of the brand!
Kingston is for many customers a better SSD brand currently on the market.
In particular, they enjoyed the Kingston SSDNowV300, a model equipped with an optimized LSI SandForce controller for the brand.
If a PC or notebook is equipped with a reasonably decent processor and has at least 4 GB of RAM, you should consider equipping it with an SSD and bringing it back to life.
This is worthwhile even for systems that have already gotten a bit old.
Even a 2007 iMac with a Core 2 Duo processor and four gigabytes of memory has benefited from an SSD upgrade in the test.
While starting with the built-in magnetic hard disk takes over a minute, macOS was ready after the installation of an SSD already after 30 seconds.
And also the use of Photoshop has made fun again with the SSD-tuned iMac.
And for a high-performance system, you should use the currently fastest NVMe SSD.
Considering I’ve gotten my gaming rig built here on this channel I also have that 4k TV in the back for my consoles the last missing piece is it gave me headset to bridge the gap.
I’m huge at audio as you guys can tell him to channel here and some of my headsets in the past.
We’re great on PC but they all converted to a 35-millimeter plug
that connected into my controller with my PlayStation 4
The best audio output now a SteelSeries released their newest artist Pro line.
Their best of the best headsets available at the time of this video and it comes with a digital to analog converter.
As always being transparent with you guys they did sponsor this video but I’m going to go through both pros and cons.
I’ll leave links down in that video description below the link will take you to
SteelSeries comm for more information.
I’m Jimmy with Jim’s review room and I’m here to help you make that purchase decision welcome everyone to another review
Now I have both the artist Pro Plus game deck and the artist Pro Wireless.
Both of these were for PC and PlayStation 4 now both these headsets look nearly identical, same metal band up top here wrapped in a soft and stretching ski goggles.
In here matte black finish all the way around same plastic yet durable
arms extending to the ear cups.
Now doing my vent test which I’m aware is overkill but not trying to break these I’m trying to see if there’s any kind of chatter creaking rattling that would show any kind of weak spots or cheap build quality.
I don’t see any or hear any issues whatsoever but ear cups are closed back with back plates which are easily removable.
The Pro Plus model that I have run mine neck here it does have RGB lighting partially controllable within the deck fully customizable though with any SteelSeries engine software which unfortunately was not available during the time of me testing.
The wireless model does not have our jeebies.
Now both headsets features nearly identical buttons the craftsmanship and detail are one of the best for sure
Here for my assessment all are very premium feeling super grippy with no issues whatsoever in determining where you are trying to button locate during gameplay.
Now on screen are basically what all the features are offered but the wireless model having an additional micro USB port for charging the headsets
And then on their right ear cup and you have power and bluetooth pairing
Now with the pro wireless model I did confirm you are able to use the headset with the wireless transmitter for in-game audio.
Of course and you’re able to activate bluetooth at the same time to let’s say
listen to music in the background or for those who use discord you can use the chat feature on discord.
While playing PlayStation 4 for those who might intend on using these for or as regular headphones.
Basically for music listening away from home and transit with your smartphone.
I was able to verify Bluetooth signal 64 linear feet was how far I could get before the signal started to crackle.
And for gaming for the wireless transmitter on the wireless
model it does use 2.4 gigahertz frequency with low latency.
I was able to confirm 48 linear feet before the audio started to crackle so right before I started talking about comfort I absolutely love this feature.
Here you can share your audio from one of these headsets to any other pair of headphones.
For this is a first time for me but could acting at 3 1/2 millimeter chord from
one headset to another brand.
It doesn’t have to be SteelSeries you’re able to split the audio connection.
Your friend just won’t have these same surround sound performance but at least both you guys can sit there and hear what’s going on the screen.
Now getting back to that physical features let’s talk about comfort and both headsets are average in weight with other premiums.
Here at headsets the wired version comes in at 350 gram the wireless version comes in at 375 grams not making these any lighter or heavier than most of the other headsets on the market.
Now a slight partner for me here I was hoping there’d be lighter now while wearing these for several hours straight it took some time to get used to at first.
I did feel a slight pinch at the crown of my head here but after extending the band and finding that sweet spot these performed on par with the competitors comfortable enough but I was again hoping for hence if these days to feel even lighter.
Now although the wireless model was heavier though than these are wired ones there wasn’t much of a difference in experience.
The ear pads are comfortable for me and work in a 72 degree room office
Basically for a little over 2 hours straight gaming I’ve never had any kind of ear sweats or weird fatigue around the ears.
Now last up on the probe wireless model thankfully behind this backplate here there is a replaceable battery.
The retail package does offer two batteries and each one of these lasts up to 10 hours which is great a huge benefit when one battery dies there’s already another one that’s pushed in or inside the gaming wireless transmitter itself.
So that way you’ll never have to recharge your batteries.
Essentially you might never have to be encountered or
encounter a dead battery situation.
Now these headsets included a retractable mic highly positionable.
Both headsets features RGB lighting at the end here for you to customize.
Here’s a quick audio sample.
Alright folks here is the microphone test is completely unedited
completely natural here.
Now we’ve tested some pretty darn good headsets with some
very good mics.
In the past I’ve noticed even the good ones these sound nasally.
They make me sound a little bit congested.
You guys hearing a 100% natural here.
This is probably the least congested that I’ve sounded so far.
This one the best microphones for gaming that I have used.
Now it’s a test out background noise.
Just case you have
like your I don’t know your mom yelling you in the background.
Your brother’s playing around you being quiet while you’re playing.
Let’s test out some background noise.
Have you guys heard that but we’ll find out in post-production
but he had.
This is the most natural test here completely unedited.
Back to the review.
Alright folks getting into the digital to analog converter on the Pro Plus model.
Now SteelSeries offers their own DAC but this is gaming first certified high res audio system.
SteelSeries is claiming up to 40,000 Hertz are reproduced while standard headsets produced 20 mm.
They also claimed their ESS saber chip gives off high fidelity full resolution audio Plus this is the first ever headset to offer DTS X version 2.
Sounds amazing and sounds promising but let’s see what the deck offers first and then I’ll give you my audio test right afterwards.
Now the Pro Plus game deck model is a small module that’s connected via USB.
No need to connect the supplied optical cable if you’re using this.
On PlayStation 4 you need to then connect both connections.
Now everything feels high-quality and responsive just like
the headset themselves but the plastic screen covering the OLED display it’s unfortunately very easily scratch Apple.
The informational screen is very much viewable in even bright rooms situations, bright light situation and it’s very straightforward and easy to use.
Both headsets do offer a built-in equalizer and these headsets tune very well.
Here making subtle adjustments does reflect in the audio experience and thankfully it doesn’t distort.
The audio mixer makes for fine tuning the in-game chat and your gaming audio very easy as well.
I’ll take a closer look at the Pro Bowlers model it is slightly different.
It’s a slightly different interface that utilize is still present and like on
both headsets you can control own allowing you to control how much you can hear your own voice in game.
So alright folks please put on your headphones and earphones for the audio test.
I’ll be using binaural microphones to give you the best the 3d audio experience as a heads up and then use their built-in equalizer to give the best audio experience that I could.
Here it goes
And there you have it folks.
First up both headsets perform very similar to each other despite one being
on a dedicated deck while the other one is on a wireless transmitter.
Now both were able to get loud enough for comfortable and just enough for
competitive gaming that if they were not loud enough for you be sure to adjust the vibe limiter on the deck or wireless transmitter.
Now seconds when you’re putting these on for the first time they’re going to sound extremely well balanced but also very flats gonna be flat across the board and I would highly recommend to customize the equalizer to
the way that you want it to.
Here’s a quick demo.
Now once I tuned it the base was much deeper for explosions footsteps and objects dropping in-game.
The mid-range and high notes were pushed a bit more forward making me more my new details much more appearance.
Not to mention my spacial awareness was increased quite a bit.
The audio from footsteps to directions of gunshots were improved and maybe immersion that much more enjoyable and it does give you a much more competitive edge.
Fortnite worked well with hearing gunshots off in a distance and hearing where it was coming from identifying where the competition might be perched up and sniping from.
During my time testing it’s no question highly detailed from my experience with no listening fatigue no screeching pierces from bullets.
Here overall a very balanced headset one flat but also highly tuneable when you use the EQ.
Now overall the biggest highlight from the artists Pro line is how clean the audio is and how accurate it can be.
Now the only critique is wishing there was more
of an open soundstage.
In general I wanted just a little bit more audio separation and just a airiness that you get some from games at times.
Now the last benefit these headsets also work on the PlayStation 4 and it makes a world of difference.
I had the same performance on my PlayStation 4 as I did on my PC but I’ve been using a typical 3.5 millimeter pair of headphones or earphones and when playing over the years.
Making that transition over to the DAC for the first time tremendously
helps your or bring out the surround sound experience by considering this is an all-in-one audio system that works across the board.
Here there’s value there rather than buying two separate.
Headsets so I hope this video helped you in some way be sure to LIKE and
subscribe if you haven’t already visitSteelSeries.com for more information on these headsets again I’ll have my links down below.
I’m Jimmy with Jim’s review room and I’m here to help you make that purchasedecision you guys take care now see you on the next one bye.
2. HyperX Cloud Revolver S
The Hhyperx Cloud gaming headset features better surround sound than the Arctis Pro mentioned above, but it comes at the cost of an absence of DAC, a slightly more awkward microphone, and a cable that can be infuriatingly prone to getting caught on any number of objects around you.
Still, the HyperX Cloud Revolver S headset provides a huge amount of quality for their price.
Just as importantly, they’re insanely comfortable, which can actually be quite useful during those marathon gaming sessions we all put in at the launch of a new game.
And there you have it folks! My top 7 best gaming headset options for gamers, both pros and casuals alike.
From wired, top of the line production quality gear to, to the best wireless gaming headset on the market, to budget headsets, when it comes to esports gaming equipment this list has it all, so I hope you found it both informative and worthwhile of your time.